Landmarks in the history of Ramallah

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Landmarks in the history of Ramallah

 

1550
Rashed Al-Haddadin settles with his family in Ramallah
1770
Elias Ya’coub, from the Yousef clan is ordained as a priest at the Greek Orthodox church. He was the first priest to be ordained in Ramallah.
1706
A priest at the Greek Orthodox church starts teaching the parish boys reading and writing in Arabic and Greek.
1807
The construction of the first Greek Orthodox church, which is located near the previous Ramallah bus station by priest Elias Qassis, in cooperation with the Greek Orthodox Patriarchate and the residents of Ramallah.
1838
Dr. Robinson and Dr. Smith visit Ramallah and conduct a census. The population numbered 800-900 people.
1850
The current Greek Orthodox church is constructed.
1850
Bishop Samuel Gobat begins the establishment of a school for boys.
1857
The Greek Catholic church comes to Ramallah and opens a school in it.
1869
Eli and Sybil Jones come to Ramallah from England, together with other Quakers. They established the Friends Girls School within three months.
1873
The St. Joseph nuns establish a school for girls and a clinic.
1883
The Quakers establish a clinic managed by Dr. Hasinor, who was the first physician to come to Ramallah.
1889
The Friends School opens a boarding school for girls, which started with 15 girls. Girls from other towns started joining the school in Ramallah.
1895
The Greek Catholic church commences holding service in Ramallah, headed by father Saba Salem Mughannam.
1895
A severe snowstorm strikes Palestine during a journey by Russian pilgrims from Nazareth to Jerusalem. 30 pilgrims died near Al-Bireh city. The others could not continue their journey. Residents from Ramallah rushed to rescue the pilgrims using donkeys and mules, and helped in burying the dead.
1901
Ramallites start immigrating to the United States.
1901
The Friends establish a boarding school for boys that housed 15 boys.
1901
The Ottoman authorities finish construction of the road from Jerusalem to Nablus through Ramallah and Al-Bireh, which was laid down for carriages. Currently it is the Ramallah-Jerusalem road.
1902
The Ottoman authorities change Ramallah to a governorate, which included thirty surrounding towns. Ahmad Murad, from Jerusalem, is appointed as its first Governor (administrator). Ahmad Murad carried out several civil reforms.
1903
Nicola Khoury brings the first mechanical mill to Ramallah for grinding wheat. Up to that time, wheat was ground manually.
1903
Ibrahim Issa Abu-Shihadeh starts operating a house-drawn carriage between Ramallah and Jerusalem.
1908
Ramallah is designated a city, and Elias Odeh is appointed as the first mayor, while Ibrahim Qassis is appointed secretary and treasurer. The municipal council included a representative of each clan.
1910
Dr. Nicola Shihadeh opens his clinic in Ramallah after returning from the United States. He was the first Ramallite to graduate as a physician.
1914
World War I erupts, and about thirty people from Ramallah are killed during their service for the Ottoman government in the war.
1915
Locusts invade Ramallah, destroying all crops.
1916
Typhoid fever plagues Ramallah, killing 30% of the population.
1917
The British forces occupy Ramallah on the 27th of December. Ramallah and the rest of Palestinian cities submit to the British mandate from 1918 to 1948.
1927
A powerful earthquake strikes Palestine. Two people from the city of Ramallah die, and several properties were destroyed.
1932
A 3% education tax is imposed on the revenues of all city residents.
1936
Electricity use is introduced to the city by the Jerusalem Electric Company, and most city houses are lit.
1945
Al-Masayef Company is established by Jaleel Harb and others, with a capital amounting to 50,000 Jordanian Dinars. Most shareholders were from the city itself.
1948
Thousands of refugees displaced from their towns pour into the city.
1951
Water is brought to the city of Ramallah and its environs by the Al-Masayef Company, in collaboration with the Ramallah and Al-Bireh municipalities. The water was brought from the Ein Fara spring.
1952
The first issue of the Ramallah Youth Union journal is published in Detroit, Michigan in the United States.
1958
The Ramallah Youth Union in the United States is established for the service of the residents of Ramallah. The first annual convention is held in the United States.
1963
The new Ramallah hospital is established and starts operating on 20 May.
1967
Ramallah and the rest of the Palestinian cities in the West Bank and the Gaza Strip fall under Israeli occupation.
1972
The first elections of the Ramallah municipal council following the Israeli occupation are held.
1982
- A failed assassination attempt by Israeli extremists targets the late mayor of Ramallah, Karim Khalaf, during an operation that also targeted the Al-Bireh and Nablus mayors.
- The occupation authorities sack the late mayor of Ramallah, Karim Khalaf, and the elected municipal council
suspends it operations in protest against the Israeli measure.
1987
The start of the first Intifada against the Israeli occupation.
1987
The first open-heart surgery is performed at the Ramallah hospital by Dr. Shawqi Harb.
1996
The first municipal council to be appointed by the Palestinian National Authority is presided over by the late Dr. Issa Ziyadeh.
1999
Engineer Ayoub Ya’coub Rabah is appointed as Mayor of Ramallah, to succeed the late mayor, Dr. Issa Ziyadeh.
2000
Ramallah celebrates the third millennium (Ramallah 2000) in coordination with the Bethlehem 2000 Project.
2002
Late President Yasser Arafat is besieged in his headquarters at Al-Muqata’a, and the occupation forces overrun the entire city.
2004
President Yasser Arafat dies, and hundreds of thousands head to Ramallah to bid him farewell. His remains are buried in the city.
2005
The first municipal council elections are held, after a 29-year interruption due to the occupation. A new municipal council comprised of 15 members assumes office.
2006
Jeanette Mikhail becomes the first woman to become mayor of Ramallah.
2008
The Ramallah Municipality celebrates its centennial anniversary, and launches the Ramallah Municipality centennial project.